This post unpacks slightly what is meant by the fifth and sixth parts of the Noble Eight Fold Path.
V. Wise Livelihood
What is Wise Livelihood?
It is abstaining from earning one's living by harming others.
It is the earning of one's living in a way that brings no harm.
This is Wise Livelihood.
(Commentary: I ran across this idea when still in high school and it figured strongly in my choosing a career in education. I have always known that being a teacher would require leading a much more materially modest existence, but I had faith that a wise livelihood would have rewards that would compensate me immaterially. From my perspective now nearer to the end of my career, I feel glad to have heeded the Buddha's suggestion.)
VI Wise Effort
What is Wise Effort?
It is the effort to restrain defilements.
It is the effort to abandon defilements.
It is the effort to develop wholesome states.
It is the effort to maintain wholesome states.
This is Wise Effort.
(Commentary: Like Wise Speech, Wise Effort is one of the aspects of the 8FP that serves well as an entry point into Buddhist practice. Wise Effort is simple. Everyone gets it, even kindergartners. If more beginner Buddhists were to start down this aspect of the path here instead of on somewhere else—think meditation—the benefits of walking the path would appear reliably.)